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UNDERWEIGHT: diet tips and plan for Malnutrition

Hyderabad - India | General information | Popularity - 0/10
Being underweight can represent as many health concerns to an individual as being overweight can.
If a person is underweight, their body may not be getting the nutrients it needs to build healthy bones, skin, and hair.
While some people may have a genetic background or a medical illness that prevents them from putting on weight, there are interventions doctors can recommend to help a person gain weight. Immune System Booster Foods
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend people use a body mass index (BMI) to calculate if they are underweight, at a healthy weight, or overweight.
Causes
There are a variety of reasons why a person may be underweight. Causes of being underweight include:
Family history. Some people have a naturally low BMI due to physical characteristics that run in their family.
A high metabolism. If a person has a high metabolism, they may not gain much weight even when eating high-energy foods.
Frequent physical activity. Athletes or people who engage in high levels of physical activity, such as runners, may burn significant amounts of calories that result in low body weight.
Physical illness or chronic disease. Some disease types can cause regular nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, making it difficult to gain weight.
Other conditions may decrease a person’s appetite, so they do not feel like eating. Examples include cancer, diabetes, thyroid disorders, and digestive conditions, such as Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis.
Mental illness. Poor mental health can affect a person’s ability to eat, including depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and eating disorders, such as anorexia and bulimia. Each of these conditions can affect a person’s body image and appetite.
Risks of being underweight
Being underweight can cause health problems, just as being overweight can.
Not all people who are underweight experience adverse side effects or symptoms from being underweight.
Osteoporosis. being underweight increases a woman’s risk of osteoporosis, which is where the bones are brittle and more prone to breaking.
Skin, hair, or teeth problems. If a person does not get enough nutrients in their daily diet, they may display physical symptoms, such as thinning skin, hair loss, dry skin, or poor dental health.
Getting sick frequently. If a person does not get enough energy from their diet to maintain a healthy body weight, they may also not be getting enough nutrients to fight off infections.
As a result, a person may get sick more frequently, and common illnesses, such as a cold, can last longer than they usually would.
Feeling tired all the time. Calories are a measurement of the energy a particular food can give a person.
Not getting enough calories to maintain a healthy weight can make a person feel fatigued.
Anemia. A person who is underweight is more likely to have low blood counts, known as anemia, which causes dizziness, headaches, and fatigue.
Irregular periods. Women who are underweight may not have regular periods, they may find menstruation stops, or an adolescent’s first period may be delayed or absent. Irregular or absent menstruation can cause infertility.
Premature births. According to a study published in An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, a woman who is pregnant and underweight is at a higher risk for pre-term labor, which means having a baby before 37 weeks.
Slow or impaired growth. Young people need nutrients to grow and develop healthy bones.
Being underweight and not getting enough calories could mean a person may not develop as expected. Doctors call this a ‘failure to thrive.’
Here are some healthy ways to gain weight when you’re underweight:
Eat more frequently. When you’re underweight, you may feel full faster. Eat five to six smaller meals during the day rather than two or three large meals.
Choose nutrient-rich foods. As part of an overall healthy diet, choose whole-grain breads, pastas and cereals; fruits and vegetables; dairy products; lean protein sources; and nuts and seeds.
Try smoothies and shakes. Don’t fill up on diet soda, coffee and other drinks with few calories and little nutritional value.
Instead, drink smoothies or healthy shakes made with milk and fresh or frozen fruit, and sprinkle in some ground flaxseed.
In some cases, a liquid meal replacement may be recommended.
Watch when you drink. Some people find that drinking fluids before meals blunts their appetite.
In that case, it may be better to sip higher calorie beverages along with a meal or snack. For others, drinking 30 minutes after a meal, not with it, may work.
Make every bite count. Snack on nuts, peanut butter, cheese, dried fruits and avocados.
Have a bedtime snack, such as a peanut butter and jelly sandwich, or a wrap sandwich with avocado, sliced vegetables, and lean meat or cheese.
Top it off. Add extras to your dishes for more calories — such as cheese in casseroles and scrambled eggs, and fat-free dried milk in soups and stews.
Have an occasional treat. Even when you’re underweight, be mindful of excess sugar and fat.
An occasional slice of pie with ice cream is OK. But most treats should be healthy and provide nutrients in addition to calories. Bran muffins, yogurt and granola bars are good choices.
Exercise. Exercise, especially strength training, can help you gain weight by building up your muscles. Itmay also stimulate your appetite. Best Foods for Immune System
Avoiding empty calories. Eating high-calorie foods may cause a person to gain weight, but they also have excess fats that could affect a person’s heart and blood vessels.
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