Haarlem railway station, built in 1906, one of the oldest train stations in the netherlands. it replaced the original station at the oude weg dating from 1839, which was one of the first two stations in the netherlands as part of the oldest dutch railway line between amsterdam and haarlem.
Many government-owned buildings are national heritage sites, such as the local police headquarters located on the koudenhorn 2 (where the spaarne river joins the nieuwe gracht). originally built as the dutch reformed "diaconie" (poor house and orphanage) in 1768, it was built to house up to 900 people, indicating the extent of the economic crisis in haarlem that existed in the 18th century as a result of losing shipping power to amsterdam.
Map of haarlem in 1646, before salomon de bray's ambitious northwards expansion plan was executed. the houtmarkt has been built in the north east, and the haarlemmerport is visible, as well as the old men's almshouse, which nowadays houses the frans hals museum.
Map of haarlem around 1550. the city is completely surrounded by a city wall and defensive moat. in the north (top), at a fork in the road, the complex known as het dolhuys can be seen. in the south-west corner on the lower left, the city bleaching grounds can be seen. notice the near-square shape of the city: this was based on the ancient plan of jerusalem.